Creating Custom Animations in Android Studio: A Beginner’s Guide

Creating Custom Animations in Android Studio: A Beginner’s Guide
Creating Custom Animations in Android Studio: A Beginner’s Guide

Android apps are known for their beautiful and interactive user interfaces, and animations play a crucial role in bringing them to life. Custom animations can help make your app more engaging, intuitive, and visually appealing. In this guide, we will explore how to create custom animations in Android Studio, even if you are just starting as a beginner.

Why Use Custom Animations?

Animations not only enhance the user experience but also convey important information, guide the user’s attention, and provide feedback. Custom animations give you the freedom to tailor the app’s look and feel, making it unique and reflecting your brand’s identity. With Android Studio, you can easily create and integrate these animations into your application.

Getting Started

To begin, you’ll need to have Android Studio installed on your machine. If you haven’t done so yet, head over to the website and download the latest version.

Creating a New Project

Once you have Android Studio set up, launch it and create a new empty project. Choose a name and a package name for your project, select the appropriate language (Java or Kotlin), and choose the minimum SDK version you want to support. Finally, click on “Finish” to create the project.

Adding Animation Resources

In Android Studio, animations are defined using XML files. To create a new animation resource file, navigate to the “res” directory of your project, right-click on the “res” folder, and select “New” -> “Android Resource File.” Give your animation a descriptive name and select “Animator” as the resource type. Click on “OK” to create the file.

Defining the Animation

Open the newly created XML file. You will see a template with a root “set” element. This element acts as a container for multiple animation elements that can be played sequentially or in parallel. Within the root “set” element, you can add various animation elements such as “alpha” (for changing opacity), “translate” (for moving an object), “scale” (for resizing an object), and many more.

Let’s say we want to create a simple fade-in animation for an ImageView. We can add an “alpha” element within the “set” element, like this:



In this example, the animation starts with an opacity of 0 (completely transparent) and gradually increases to an opacity of 1 (fully opaque) over a duration of 1000 milliseconds (1 second).

Applying the Animation

To apply the animation to a view, such as an ImageView, open the layout XML file where the view is located. Add the following attribute to the ImageView:


This allows the view to animate when its properties change.

Next, open the corresponding activity or fragment’s Java or Kotlin file, find the reference to the ImageView, and use the following code to start the animation:

// Java
Animator anim = AnimatorInflater.loadAnimator(this, R.anim.fade_in);

// Kotlin
val anim = AnimatorInflater.loadAnimator(this, R.anim.fade_in) as AnimatorSet

Here, we use the `AnimatorInflater.loadAnimator()` method to load the animation from the XML resource file, set the target view to be animated using the `setTarget()` method, and finally start the animation with the `start()` method.

And that’s it! You have successfully created and applied a custom animation to your ImageView.


In this beginner’s guide, we explored the process of creating custom animations in Android Studio. We learned how to define the animations using XML, apply them to views in our layout, and start the animation in our code. With this knowledge, you can now experiment and create various custom animations to enhance the user experience of your Android app. So go ahead, unleash your creativity, and bring your app to life with stunning animations!
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